Urinary infections

Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTI) are a common disease diagnosed in small animal practice, especially in dogs. Female spayed dogs have an increased risk of developing UTI, and in intact male dogs, cystitis and prostatitis are often found in parallel. Several predisposing factors of canine UTI have been described, such as bladder incontinence in female spayed dogs, incomplete bladder emptying, urolithiasis, dilute urine, kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, Cushing’s disease, catheterisation, immunosuppresive therapy or glucocorticoids. Escherichia coli is well known to be the most prevalent causative pathogen of canine UTI.
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